Clinical Dental Terminology

Have you ever wondered what the heck everyone is talking about at the dentist but had your mouth so full of things you didn’t even know existed that you couldn’t ask? Lucky for you, we have nothing better to do then write a long, very long list, of clinical dental terms that you may, and very well may not find interesting!

Abscess

abscess: Acute or chronic localized inflammation, probably with a collection of pus, associated with tissue destruction and, frequently, swelling; usually secondary to infection.

acute abscess: An inflammatory reaction to pulpal infection and necrosis characterized by rapid onset, spontaneous pain, tenderness of the tooth to pressure, pus formation and eventual swelling of associated tissues.

chronic abscess: An inflammatory reaction to pulpal infection and necrosis characterized by gradual onset, little or no discomfort and the intermittent discharge of pus through an associated sinus tract.

Abutment

abutment: A term with different meanings depending on the clinical scenario.

implant case: the fixture that is placed between the implant body (aka implant post) and the restorative prosthesis (e.g., single crown; denture).

natural tooth case: the tooth used as the support for one end of a denture.

Acid etching

acid etching: Use of an acidic chemical substance to prepare the tooth enamel and or dentin surface to provide retention for bonding.

The liquid used to perform acid etching is often called etchant or “etch” for short.

Adhesive

adhesive: Any substance that joins or creates close adherence of two or more surfaces. Intermediate material that causes two materials to adhere to each other.

Alloy

alloy: Compound combining two or more elements having properties not existing in any of the single constituent elements. Sometimes used to refer to amalgam.

Alveolar

alveolar: Referring to the bone to which a tooth is attached.

The top of the jaw bone in the mouth is often referred to as the alveolar ridge.

Alveoloplasty

alveoloplasty: Surgical procedure for recontouring supporting bone, sometimes in preparation for a prosthesis.

Amalgam

amalgam: An alloy used in direct dental restorations. Typically composed of mercury, silver, tin and copper along with other metallic elements added to improve physical and mechanical properties.

Anatomical crown

anatomical crown: That portion of tooth normally covered by, and including, enamel.

Anesthesia

anesthesia: A procedure that controls the patient’s level of anxiety or pain.

Analgesia

analgesia: the diminution or elimination of pain.

Anxiolysis

anxiolysis: the diminution or elimination of anxiety.

Deep sedation

deep sedation: a drug-induced depression of consciousness during which patients cannot be easily aroused but respond purposefully following repeated or painful stimulation. The ability to independently maintain ventilatory function may be impaired. Patients may require assistance in maintaining a patent airway, and spontaneous ventilation may be inadequate. Cardiovascular function is usually maintained.

General anesthesia

general anesthesia: a drug-induced loss of consciousness during which patients are not arousable, even by painful stimulation. The ability to independently maintain ventilatory function is often impaired. Patients often require assistance in maintaining a patent airway, and positive pressure ventilation may be required because of depressed spontaneous ventilation or drug-induced depression of neuromuscular function. Cardiovascular function may be impaired.

Inhalation anesthesia

inhalation: a technique of administration in which a gaseous or volatile agent is introduced into the lungs and whose primary effect is due to absorption through the gas/blood interface.

Intravenous

intravenous: a technique of administration in which the anesthetic agent is introduced directly into the patient’s venous system.

Local Anesthesia

local anesthesia: the elimination of sensation, especially pain, in one part of the body by the topical application or regional injection of a drug.

Minimal sedation

minimal sedation: a minimally depressed level of consciousness, produced by a pharmacological method, that retains the patient’s ability to independently and continuously maintain an airway and respond normally to tactile stimulation and verbal command. Although cognitive function and coordination may be modestly impaired, ventilatory and cardiovascular functions are unaffected.

Moderate sedation

moderate sedation: a drug-induced depression of consciousness during which patients respond purposefully to verbal commands, either alone or accompanied by light tactile stimulation. No interventions are required to maintain a patent airway, and spontaneous ventilation is adequate. Cardiovascular function is usually maintained.

Anterior

anterior: Mandibular and maxillary centrals, laterals and cuspids.This is also a term that, in general, refers to the teeth and tissues located towards the front of the mouth.

Apex

apex: The tip or end of the root end of the tooth.

Apexification

apexification: The process of induced root development to encourage the formation of a calcified barrier in a tooth with immature root formation or an open apex. May involve the placement of an artificial apical barrier prior to nonsurgical endodontic obturation.

Apexogenesis

apexogenesis: Vital pulp therapy performed to encourage continued physiological formation and development of the tooth root.

Apicoectomy

apicoectomy: Amputation of the apex of a tooth.

Appliance

appliance: A broad term used to describe devices that are either removable or fixated in the mouth and assist with replacing missing teeth, protecting teeth or correcting /preventing problems.

Common appliances include nightguards, orthodontic retainers and space maintainers.

Dental arch

arch, dental: The curved composite structure of the natural dentition and the residual ridge, or the remains thereof, after the loss of some or all of the natural teeth.

Areas of the oral cavity

areas of oral cavity: A numeric system used to report regions of the oral cavity on patient records and on claims submitted to third-party payers.

  1. upper right quadrant
  2. upper left quadrant
  3. lower left quadrant
  4. lower right quadrant

Artificial crown

artificial crown: Restoration covering or replacing the major part, or the whole of the clinical crown of a tooth, or implant.

Avulsion

avulsion: Separation of tooth from its socket due to trauma.

Barrier membrane

barrier membrane: Usually a thin, sheet-like usually non-autogenous material used in various surgical regenerative procedures.

Benign

benign: The mild or non-threatening character of an illness or the non-malignant character of a neoplasm.

Bicuspid

bicuspid: A premolar tooth; a tooth with two cusps.

Bilateral

bilateral: Occurring on, or pertaining to, both right and left sides.

Biopsy

biopsy: Process of removing tissue for histologic evaluation.

Bitewing radiograph

bitewing radiograph: Interproximal radiographic view of the coronal portion of the tooth/teeth. A form of dental radiograph that may be taken with the long axis of the image oriented either horizontally or vertically, that reveals approximately the coronal halves of the maxillary and mandibular teeth and portions of the interdental alveolar septa on the same image.

Bleaching

bleaching: Process of lightening of the teeth, usually using a chemical oxidizing agent and sometimes in the presence of heat. Removal of deep seated intrinsic or acquired discolorations from crowns of vital and non-vital teeth through the use of chemicals, sometimes in combination with the application of heat and light. Bleaching has been achieved through short and long term applications of pastes or solutions containing various concentrations of hydrogen peroxide and carbamide peroxide. Normally applied externally to teeth; may be used internally for endodontically treated teeth.

Bonding

bonding: Process by which two or more components are made integral by mechanical and/or chemical adhesion at their interface.

Bridge

bridge: A prosthetic replacement of one or more missing teeth cemented or otherwise attached to the abutment natural teeth or their implant replacements.

Often called a “fixed partial denture”

Buccal

buccal: Pertaining to or toward the cheek (as in the buccal surface of a posterior tooth).

Calculus

calculus: Hard deposit of mineralized substance adhering to crowns and/or roots of teeth or prosthetic devices.

Often referred to as tartar.

Canal

canal: A relatively narrow tubular passage or channel.

root canal: Space inside the root portion of a tooth containing pulp tissue.

mandibular canal: The passage which transmits vessels and nerves through the jaw to branches that distributes them to the teeth.

Cantilever extension

cantilever extension: Part of a fixed prosthesis that extends beyond the abutment to which it is attached and has no additional support.

Caries

caries: Commonly used term for tooth decay.

carious lesion: A cavity caused by caries.

Cast, diagnostic cast or study model

diagnostic cast: A replica of teeth and adjoining tissues created digitally or by a casting process (e.g., plaster into an impression). “Study model” is another term used for such a replica. Diagnostic casts have various uses, most often the examination of relationships between oral tissues to determine how those relationships will effect form and function of a dental restoration or appliance being planned or to determine whether tissue treatment or modification might be necessary before a pre-definitive impression is taken to ensure optimal performance of the planned restoration or appliance.

Cavity

cavity: Missing tooth structure. A cavity may be due to decay, erosion or abrasion. If caused by caries; also referred to as carious lesion.

Cement base

cement base: Material used under a filling to replace lost tooth structure.

Cementum

cementum: Hard connective tissue covering the outer surface of a tooth root.

Cephalometric image

cephalometric image: A standardized, extraoral projection utilized in the scientific study of the measurements of the head.

Ceramic/porcelain

ceramic/porcelain: Refers to pressed, fired, polished or milled materials containing predominantly inorganic refractory compounds including porcelains, glasses, ceramics and glass-ceramics.

Chairside

chairside: A procedure where the service is delivered completely in the patient’s oral cavity and without the use of a dental laboratory.

Often termed “direct”

Cleft palate

cleft palate: Congenital deformity resulting in lack of fusion of the soft and/or hard palate, either partial or complete.

Clenching

clenching: The clamping and pressing of the jaws and teeth together in centric occlusion, frequently associated with psychological stress or physical effort.

Part of “parafunctional habits”

Clinical crown

clinical crown: That portion of a tooth not covered by tissues.

Complete denture

complete denture: A prosthetic for the edentulous maxillary or mandibular arch, replacing the full dentition. Usually includes six anterior teeth and eight posterior teeth.

Complete series

complete series: A set of intraoral radiographs usually consisting of 14 to 22 periapical and posterior bitewing images intended to display the crowns and roots of all teeth, periapical areas and alveolar bone crest.

Composite

composite: A dental restorative material made up of disparate or separate parts (e.g. resin and quartz particles)

Comprehensive oral evaluation

comprehensive oral evaluation: The patient assessment that may include gathering of information through interview, observation, examination, and use of specific tests that allows a dentist to diagnose existing conditions.

Consultation

consultation: In a dental setting, a diagnostic service provided by a dentist where the dentist, patient, or other parties (e.g., another dentist, physician, or legal guardian) discuss the patient’s dental needs and proposed treatment modalities.

Coping

coping: A thin covering of the coronal portion of the tooth usually without anatomic conformity. Custom made or pre-fabricated thimble-shaped core or base layer designed to fit over a natural tooth preparation, a post core, or implant abutment so as to act as a substructure onto which other components can be added to give final form to a restoration or prosthesis. It can be used as a definitive restoration or as part of a transfer procedure.

Core buildup

core buildup: the replacement of a part or all of the crown of a tooth whose purpose is to provide a base for the retention of an indirectly fabricated crown.

Coronal

coronal: Refers to the crown of a tooth.

Cracked tooth syndrome

cracked tooth syndrome: A collection of symptoms characterized by transient acute pain experienced when chewing.

Crown

crown: An artificial replacement that restores missing tooth structure by surrounding the remaining coronal tooth structure, or is placed on a dental implant. It is made of metal, ceramic or polymer materials or a combination of such materials. It is retained by luting cement or mechanical means.

See also abutment crown, anatomical crown, and clinical crown.

Crown lengthening

crown lengthening: A surgical procedure exposing more tooth for restorative purposes by apically positioning the gingival margin and removing supporting bone.

Curettage

curettage: Scraping and cleaning the walls of a real or potential space, such as a gingival pocket or bone, to remove pathologic material.

Cusp

cusp: Pointed or rounded eminence on or near the masticating surface of a tooth.

Cuspid

cuspid: Single cusped tooth located between the incisors and bicuspids.

Often referred to as “canine” or “i tooth”

Cyst

cyst: Pathological cavity, usually lined with epithelium, containing fluid or soft matter.

odontogenic cyst: Cyst derived from the epithelium of odontogenic tissue (developmental, primordial).

periapical cyst: An apical inflammatory cyst containing a sac-like epithelium-lined cavity that is open to and continuous with the root canal.

Debridement

debridement: Removal of subgingival and/or supragingival plaque and calculus.

Decay

decay: The lay term for carious lesions in a tooth; decomposition of tooth structure.

Deciduous

deciduous: Having the property of falling off or shedding; a term used to describe the primary teeth.

Definitive

definitive: (a) A restoration or prosthesis that is intended to retain form and function for an indefinite time, which could be the natural life of the patient. There is no scheduled replacement, although some maintenance may be necessary (e.g., cleansing; replacement of the replaceable component of an attachment), procedures that are documented with their applicable codes. (b) A procedure whose outcome is, by intent, not subject to change arising from subsequent delivery of another procedure; a change may occur if the dentist determines that a change in the patient’s clinical condition warrant’s delivery of another or alternative procedure.

Dental assessment

dental assessment: A limited clinical inspection that is performed to identify possible signs of oral or systemic disease, malformation, or injury, and the potential need for referral for diagnosis and treatment.

Dental prophylaxis

prophylaxis: Removal of plaque, calculus and stains from the tooth structures. It is intended to control local irritational factors.

Dentin

dentin: Hard tissue which forms the bulk of the tooth and develops from the dental papilla and dental pulp, and in the mature state is mineralized.

Dentition

dentition: The teeth in the dental arch.

adolescent dentition: Refers to the stage of permanent dentition prior to cessation of skeletal growth.

primary deciduous (dentition): Refers to the deciduous or primary teeth in the dental arch.

permanent dentition (adult dentition): Refers to the permanent teeth in the dental arch.

transitional dentition: Refers to a mixed dentition; begins with the appearance of the permanent first molars and ends with the exfoliation of the deciduous teeth.

Denture

denture: An artificial substitute for some or all of the natural teeth and adjacent tissues.

Denture base

denture base: That part of a denture that makes contact with soft tissue and retains the artificial teeth.

Diagnositc imaging

diagnostic imaging: A visual display of structural or functional patterns for the purpose of diagnostic evaluation. May be photographic or radiographic

Diastema

diastema: A space, such as one between two adjacent teeth in the same dental arch.

Direct

direct: A procedure where the service is delivered completely in the patient’s oral cavity and without the use of a dental laboratory.

Indirect

indirect: A procedure that involves activity that occurs away from the patient, such as creating a restorative prosthesis. An indirect procedure is also known as a laboratory procedure, and the laboratory’s location can be within or separate from the dentist’s practice.

Direct pulp cap

direct pulp cap: Procedure in which the exposed vital pulp is treated with a therapeutic material, followed with a base and restoration, to promote healing and maintain pulp vitality.

Indirect pulp cap

indirect pulp cap: Procedure in which the nearly exposed pulp is covered with a protective dressing to protect the pulp from additional injury and to promote healing and repair via formation of secondary dentin

Direct restoration

direct restoration: A restoration of any type (e.g., “filling”; crown) fabricated inside the mouth.

Indirect restoration

indirect restoration: A restoration fabricated outside the mouth.

Discectomy

discectomy: Excision of the intra-articular disc of a joint.

Displaced tooth

displaced tooth: A partial evulsion of a tooth.

Distal

distal: Surface or position of a tooth most distant from the median line of the arch.

Dressing

dressing: Medication, bandages or other therapeutic material applied to a wound.

Dry socket

dry socket: Localized inflammation of the tooth socket following extraction due to infection or loss of blood clot; osteitis.

Edentulous

edentulous: Without teeth.

Enamel

enamel: Hard calcified tissue covering dentin of the crown of tooth.

Equilibration

equilibration: Reshaping of the occlusal surfaces of teeth to create harmonious contact relationships between the upper and lower teeth; also known as occlusal adjustment.

Evaluation

evaluation: The patient assessment that may include gathering of information through interview, observation, examination, and use of specific tests that allows a dentist to diagnose existing conditions.

Evulsion

evulsion: Separation of the tooth from its socket due to trauma.

Excision

excision: Surgical removal of bone or tissue.

Exostosis

exostosis: Overgrowth of bone. Commonly known as a torus or tori (plural)

Extraoral

extraoral: Outside the oral cavity.

Extracoronal

extracoronal: Outside the crown of a tooth.

Extraction

extraction: The process or act of removing a tooth or tooth parts.

Exudate

exudate: A material usually resulting from inflammation or necrosis that contains fluid, cells, and/or other debris.

Facial

facial: The surface of a tooth directed toward . the cheeks or lips (i.e., the buccal and labial surfaces) and opposite the lingual surface.

Fascial

fascial: Related to a sheet or band of fibrous connective tissue enveloping, separating or binding together muscles, organs and other soft tissue structures of the body.

Female component

female component: The concave component of an attachment that fits into the projecting component of an attachment.

Male component

male component: The projecting part of an attachment that fits into the concave component of an attachment.

Filling

filling: A lay term used for the restoring of lost tooth structure by using materials such as metal, alloy, plastic or porcelain.

Fixed partial denture

fixed partial denture: A prosthetic replacement of one or more missing teeth cemented or otherwise attached to the abutment natural teeth or their implant replacements.

Follow-up care

follow-up care: Any care provided after a procedure; a service whose nature, scope and timing is determined by the clinical and professional judgment of the dentist.

Note: The term follow-up care is interchangeable with a variety of similar terms (e.g., normal post-operative follow-up; routine follow-up [or post-delivery or post-operative] care).

Foramen

foramen: Natural opening into or through bone.

Fracture

fracture: The breaking of a part, especially of a bony structure; breaking of a tooth. See simple fracture and compound fracture.

Frenum

frenum: Muscle fibers covered by a mucous membrane that attaches the cheek, lips and or tongue to associated dental mucosa.

Furcation

furcation: The anatomic area of a multirooted tooth where the roots diverge.

Gingiva

gingiva: Soft tissues overlying the crowns of unerupted teeth and encircling the necks of those that have erupted.

Gingivectomy

gingivectomy: The excision or removal of gingiva.

Gingivitis

gingivitis: Inflammation of gingival tissue without loss of connective tissue.

Gingivoplasty

gingivoplasty: Surgical procedure to reshape gingiva.

Glass ionomer

glass ionomer: A restorative material listed as a “resin” in the CDT manual’s “Classification of Materials” that may be used to restore teeth, fill pits and fissures, lute and line cavities.

Graft

graft: A piece of tissue or alloplastic material placed in contact with tissue to repair a defect or supplement a deficiency.

allograft: Graft of tissue between genetically dissimilar members of the same species. Donors may be cadavers, living related or living unrelated individuals. Also called allogenic graft or homograft.

autogenous graft: Taken from one part of a patient’s body and transferred to another.

xenograft: a tissue graft or organ transplant from a donor of a different species from the recipient.

Guided tissue regeneration

guided tissue regeneration (GTR): A surgical procedure that uses a barrier membrane placed under the gingival tissue and over the remaining bone support to enhance regeneration of new bone.

Hemisection

hemisection: Surgical separation of a multi-rooted tooth.

Histopathology

histopathology: The study of disease processes at the cellular level.

Hyperplastic

hyperplastic: Pertaining to an abnormal increase in the number of cells in an organ or a tissue with consequent enlargement.

Imaging, diagnostic

imaging, diagnostic: This would include, but is not limited to, CAT scans, MRIs, photographs, radiographs, etc

Immediate denture

immediate denture: Prosthesis constructed for placement immediately after removal of remaining natural teeth.

Impacted tooth

impacted tooth: An unerupted or partially erupted tooth that is positioned against another tooth, bone, or soft tissue so that complete eruption is unlikely.

Implant

implant: Material inserted or grafted into tissue.

dental implant: A device specially designed to be placed surgically within or on the mandibular or maxillary bone as a means of providing location and support for dental replacement prosthesis.

endosteal (endosseous): Device placed into the alveolar and basal bone of the mandible or maxilla and transecting only one cortical plate.

eposteal (subperiosteal): Subperiosteal implant that conforms to the superior surface of an edentulous area of alveolar bone.

transosteal (transosseous): Device with threaded posts penetrating both the superior and inferior cortical bone plates of the mandibular symphysis and exiting through the permucosa. It may be intraoral or extraoral.

Incisal

incisal: Pertaining to the biting edges of the incisor and cuspid teeth.

Incisal angle

incisal angle: One of the angles formed by the junction of the incisal and the mesial or distal surfaces of an anterior tooth; called the mesioincisal and distoincisal angle respectfully.

Incision and drainage

incision and drainage: The procedure of incising a fluctuant mucosal lesion to allow for the release of fluid from the lesion.

Incisor

incisor: A tooth for cutting or gnawing; located in the front of the mouth in both jaws.

Inlay

inlay: A fixed intracoronal restoration; a fixed dental restoration made outside of a tooth to correspond to the form of the prepared cavity, which is then luted to the tooth.

Intentional reimplantation

intentional reimplantation: The intentional removal, radicular repair and replacement of a tooth into its alveolus

Interim

interim: (a) A restoration or prosthesis designed for use over a limited period of time; (b) A procedure that whose outcome is, by intent, subject to change arising from subsequent delivery of another procedure. The “interim” period of time for a restoration, a prosthesis or a procedure, is determined by the clinical and professional judgment of the dentist. – See provisional and temporary.

Interproximal

interproximal: Between the adjoining surfaces of adjacent teeth in the same arch.

Intracoronal

intracoronal: Referring to within the crown of a tooth.

Intraoral

intraoral: Inside the mouth.

Jaw

jaw: A common name for either the maxilla or the mandible.

Keratinized gingiva

keratinized gingiva: The oral surface of the gingiva extending from the mucogingival junction to the gingival margin. In gingival health, the coronal portion of the sulcular epithelium may also be keratinized.

Often referred to as “attached gingiva.”

Labial

labial: Pertaining to or around the lip. See facial.

Laboratory, dental

dental laboratory: a centre that fabricates appliances and restorations for patients outside of the mouth.

Lesion

lesion: An injury or wound; area of diseased tissue.

Line angle

line angle: An angle formed by the junction of two planes; used to designate the junction of two surfaces of a tooth, or of two walls of a tooth cavity preparation.

Lingual

lingual: Pertaining to or around the tongue; surface of the tooth directed toward the tongue; opposite of facial.

Local anesthesia

local anesthesia: the elimination of sensation, especially pain, in one part of the body by the topical application or regional injection of a drug

Maintenance, periodontal

maintenance, periodontal: Therapy for preserving the state of health of the periodontium.

Malignant

malignant: Having the properties of dysplasia, invasion, and metastasis.

Malocclusion

malocclusion: Improper alignment of biting or chewing surfaces of upper and lower teeth.

Mandible mandible: The lower jaw.

Maxilla

maxilla: The upper jaw.

Maryland bridge

Maryland bridge: Fixed partial denture featuring retainers which are resin bonded to natural teeth that serve as an abutment.

Medicament

medicament: Substance or combination of substances intended to be pharmacologically active, specially prepared to be prescribed, dispensed or administered by authorized personnel to prevent or treat diseases in humans or animals.

Medicament, topical

medicament, topical: Pharmacological substance especially prepared to be applied on tissues of the oral cavity.

Photo shows silver diamine fluoride placed on carious lesions.

Mesial

mesial: Nearer the middle line of the body or the surface of a tooth nearer the center of the dental arch.

Metals

metals, classification of:

The noble metal classification system has been adopted as a more precise method of reporting various alloys used in dentistry. The alloys are defined on the basis of the percentage of metal content and listed in order of biocompatibility.

High Noble Alloys—Noble Metal Content > 60% (gold + platinum group*) and gold > 40% Au)

Titanium and Titanium Alloys—Titanium (Ti) > 85%.

Noble Alloys—Noble Metal Content > 25% (gold + platinum group*).

Predominantly Base Alloys—Noble Metal Content) < 25% (gold + platinum group*).

*metals of the platinum group are platinum, palladium, rhodium, osmium and ruthenium

Microabrasion

microabrasion: Mechanical removal of a small amount of tooth structure to eliminate superficial enamel discoloration defects.

Microorganisms

microorganisms: A minute living organism, such as a bacterium, fungus, yeast, virus or rickettsia.

Mixed dentition

Mixed dentition: begins with the appearance of the permanent first molars and ends with the exfoliation of the deciduous teeth.

Sometimes referred to as “transitional” dentition.

Molar

molar: Teeth posterior to the premolars (bicuspids) on either side of the jaw; grinding teeth, having large crowns and broad chewing surfaces.

Mouthguard

mouthguard: Individually molded device designed primarily to be worn for the purpose of helping prevent injury to the teeth and their surrounding tissues. Sometimes called a mouth protector.

Mucous membrane

mucous membrane: Lining of the oral cavity as well as other canals and cavities of the body; also called mucosa.

Obturate

obturate: With reference to endodontics, refers to the sealing of the canal(s) of tooth roots during root canal therapy procedure with an appropriately prescribed material such as gutta percha in combination with a suitable luting agent.

Occlusal

occlusal: Pertaining to the biting surfaces of the premolar and molar teeth or contacting surfaces of opposing teeth or opposing occlusion rims.

Occlusal radiograph

occlusal radiograph: An intraoral radiograph made with the film, phosphorous plate, emulsion or digital sensor being held between the occluded teeth.

Occlusion

occlusion: Any contact between biting or chewing surfaces of maxillary (upper) and mandibular (lower) teeth.

Odontogenic

odontogenic: Refers to tooth-forming tissues.

Onlay

onlay: A dental restoration made outside the oral cavity that covers one or more cusp tips and adjoining occlusal surfaces, but not the entire external surface. It is retained by luting cement. (American College of Prosthodontics; The Glossary of Prosthodontic Terms)

Operculectomy operculectomy: Removal of the operculum.

operculum: The flap of tissue over an unerupted or partially erupted tooth.

Oral

oral: Pertaining to the mouth.

Oral diagnosis

oral diagnosis: The determination by a dentist of the oral health condition of an individual patient achieved through the evaluation of data gathered by means of history taking, direct examination, patient conference, and such clinical aids and tests as may be necessary in the judgment of the dentist.

Orthognathic

orthognathic: Functional relationship of maxilla and mandible.

Orthotic device

orthotic device: Apparatus used to support, align, prevent or correct deformities, or to improve the function of movable parts of the body.

Osteitis

Osteitis: inflammation of the bone

Osteoplasty

osteoplasty: Surgical procedure that modifies the configuration of bone.

Osteotomy

osteotomy: Surgical cutting of bone.

Overdenture

overdenture: A removable prosthetic device that overlies and may be supported by retained tooth roots or implants.

Palate

palate: The hard and soft tissues forming the roof of the mouth that separates the oral and nasal cavities.

Palliative

palliative: Action that relieves pain but is not curative.

Panoramic radiograph

panoramic radiograph: An extraoral projection whereby the entire mandible, maxilla, teeth and other nearby structures are portrayed on a single image, as if the jaws were flattened out.

Papoose board

papoose board: A behavior management technique utilizing immobilization to control the actions of a patient who is receiving dental treatment.

Parafunctional

parafunctional: Other than normal function or use.

Partial denture

partial denture: Usually refers to a prosthetic device that replaces missing teeth. See fixed partial denture or removable partial denture.

Periapical

periapical: The area surrounding the end of the tooth root.

Periapical abscess

periapical abscess: a collection of pus around the the end of the tooth root.

Periapical cyst

periapical cyst: An apical inflammatory cyst containing a sac-like epithelium-lined cavity that is open to and continuous with the root canal.

Periapical radiograph

periapical radiograph: A radiograph made by the intraoral placement of film, phosphorous plate, emulsion or digital sensor, for disclosing the apices of the teeth.

Pericoronal

pericoronal: Around the crown of a tooth.

Periodontal

periodontal: Pertaining to the supporting and surrounding tissues of the teeth.

Periodontal abscess

Periodontal abscess: a collection of pus around the supporting structures of the tooth. Not isolated to the end of the root tip like in a periapical abscess but rather extending up around the roots of the tooth.

Periodontal disease

periodontal disease: Inflammatory process of the gingival tissues and/or periodontal membrane of the teeth, resulting in an abnormally deep gingival sulcus, possibly producing periodontal pockets and loss of supporting alveolar bone.

Periodontal pocket

periodontal pocket: Pathologically deepened gingival sulcus; a feature of periodontal disease.

Periodontics

periodontics: Periodontics is that specialty of dentistry which encompasses the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the supporting and surrounding tissues of the teeth or their substitutes and the maintenance of the health, function and esthetics of these structures and tissues.

Periodontist

periodontist: A dental specialist whose practice is limited to the treatment of diseases of the supporting and surrounding tissues of the teeth.

Periodontitis

periodontitis: Inflammation and loss of the connective tissue of the supporting or surrounding structure of teeth with loss of attachment.

Remember that “itis” means inflammation.

Periodontium

periodontium: tissue complex comprising gingival, cementum, periodontal ligament, and alveolar bone which attaches, nourishes and supports the tooth.

Periradicular

periradicular: Surrounding a portion of the root of the tooth.

Permanent dentition

permanent dentition: Refers to the permanent (“adult”) teeth in the dental arch that either replace the primary dentition or erupt distally to the primary molars.

Pin

pin: A small rod, cemented or driven into dentin to aid in retention of a restoration.

Plaque

plaque: A soft sticky substance that accumulates on teeth composed largely of bacteria and bacterial derivatives. Esily removed compared to tartar or calculus.

Pontic

pontic: The term used for an artificial tooth on a fixed partial denture (bridge).

Post

post: Rod-like component designed to be inserted into a prepared root canal space so as to provide structural support. This device can either be in the form of an alloy, carbon fiber or fiberglass, and posts are usually secured with appropriate luting agents.

Posterior

posterior: Refers to teeth and tissues towards the back of the mouth (distal to the canines); maxillary and mandibular premolars and molars.

Premedication

premedication: The use of medications prior to dental procedures.

Often shortened to “premed”

Premolar

bicuspid: A premolar tooth; a tooth with two cusps.

Preventative dentistry

preventive dentistry: Aspects of dentistry concerned with promoting good oral health and function by preventing or reducing the onset and/or development of oral diseases or deformities and the occurrence of oro-facial injuries.

Primary dentition

primary dentition: The first set of teeth; see deciduous and dentition.

Prophylaxis

prophylaxis: Removal of plaque, calculus and stains from the tooth structures. It is intended to control local irritational factors.

Prosthesis

prosthesis: Artificial replacement of any part of the body.

definitive prosthesis: Prosthesis to be used over an extended period of time.

dental prosthesis: Any device or appliance replacing one or more missing teeth and/or, if required, associated structures. (This is a broad term which includes abutment crowns and abutment inlays/onlays, bridges, dentures, obturators, gingival prostheses.)

fixed prosthesis: Non-removable dental prosthesis which is solidly attached to abutment teeth, roots or implants.

fixed-removable prosthesis: Combined prosthesis, one or more parts of which are fixed, and the other(s) attached by devices which allow their detachment, removal and reinsertion by the dentist only.

interim prosthesis: A provisional prosthesis designed for use over a limited period of time, after which it is to be replaced by a more definitive restoration.

removable prosthesis: Complete or partial prosthesis, which after an initial fitting by a dentist, can be removed and reinserted by the patient.

Provisional

provisional: a restoration or prosthesis placed for a longer time period to enable healing, stabilization or diagnostic purposes – see interim and temporary.

Pulp

pulp: Connective tissue that contains blood vessels and nerve tissue which occupies the pulp cavity of a tooth.

Pulp cavity

pulp cavity: The space within a tooth which contains the pulp.

Pulpectomy

pulpectomy: Complete removal of vital and non-vital pulp tissue from the root canal space.

Note: “ectomy” means to remove

Pulpitis

pulpitis: Inflammation of the dental pulp. Remember: “itis” means inflammation

Pulpotomy

pulpotomy: Removal of a portion of the pulp, including the diseased aspect, with the intent of maintaining the vitality of the remaining pulpal tissue by means of a therapeutic dressing.

Quadrant

quadrant: One of the four equal sections into which the dental arches can be divided; begins at the midline of the arch and extends distally to the last tooth.

Radicular

radicular: Pertaining to the root.

Radiograph

radiograph: An image or picture produced on a radiation sensitive film, phosphorous plate, emulsion or digital sensor by exposure to ionizing radiation.

Rebase

rebase: Process of refitting a denture by replacing the base material.

Recalcification

recalcification: Procedure used to encourage biologic root repair of external and internal resorption defects. See apexification.

Reduction

closed reduction: The re-approximation of segments of a fractured bone without direct visualization of the boney segments.

open reduction: Re-approximation of fractured bony segments accomplished through cutting the adjacent soft tissues and bone to allow direct access.

Reimplantation, tooth

reimplantation, tooth: The return of a tooth to its alveolus.

Reline

reline: Process of resurfacing the tissue side of a removable prosthesis with new base material.

Removable partial denture

removable partial denture: A removable partial denture is a prosthetic replacement of one or more missing teeth that can be removed by the patient.

Resin

resin: Resinous material of the various esters of acrylic acid, used as a denture base material, for trays or for other restorations.

orthodontic retainer: Appliance to stabilize teeth following orthodontic treatment.

prosthodontic retainer: A part of a prosthesis that attaches a denture to an abutment tooth, implant abutment, or implant body.

Retrograde filling

retrograde filling: A method of sealing the root canal by preparing and filling it from the root apex.

In contrast, an orthograde filling is when a filling is done after a root canal treatment from the crown of the tooth.

Root

root: The anatomic portion of the tooth that is covered by cementum and is located in the alveolus (socket) where it is attached by the periodontal apparatus; radicular portion of tooth.

Residual root

residual root–Remaining root structure following the loss of the major portion (over 75%) of the crown.

Root canal

root canal: The portion of the pulp cavity inside the root of a tooth; the chamber within the root of the tooth that contains the pulp.

Root canal therapy

root canal therapy: The treatment of disease and injuries of the pulp and associated periradicular conditions.

Root planing

root planing: A treatment procedure designed to remove cementum or surface dentin that is rough, impregnated by calculus, or contaminated with toxins or microorganisms.

Rubber dam

rubber dam: A barrier technique used to prevent the passage of saliva or moisture, or to provide an isolated operative field.

Salivary gland

salivary gland: Exocrine glands that produce saliva and empty it into the mouth; these include the parotid glands, the submandibular glands and the sublingual glands.

Scaling

scaling: Removal of plaque, calculus, and stain from teeth.

Note: A “scaler” is the instrument used to perform this task.

Sealant

sealant: A resinous material designed to be applied to the occlusal surfaces of posterior teeth to prevent occlusal caries.

Sedation

sedation: the reduction of irritability or agitation by administration of sedative drugs, generally to facilitate a medical procedure or diagnostic procedure.

Sedative filling

sedative filling: A temporary restoration intended to relieve pain.

Sextant

sextant: One of the six relatively equal sections into which a dental arch can be divided. Sometimes used for recording periodontal charting.

Site

site: A term used to describe a single area, position, or locus. For periodontal procedures, an area of soft tissue recession on a single tooth or an osseous defect adjacent to a single tooth; also used to indicate soft tissue defects and/or osseous defects in edentulous tooth positions.

Space maintainer

space maintainer: A passive appliance, usually cemented in place, that holds teeth in position.

Splint

splint: A device used to support, protect, or immobilize oral structures that have been loosened, replanted, fractured or traumatized. Also refers to devices used in the treatment of temporomandibular joint disorders.

Stomatitis

stomatitis: Inflammation of the membranes of the mouth.

Succedaneous tooth

succedaneous tooth: A permanent tooth that replaces a primary (deciduous) tooth.

Supernumerary teeth

supernumerary teeth: Extra erupted or unerupted teeth that resemble teeth of normal shape.

Suture

suture: Stitch used to repair incision or wound. Sutures can be absorbable or nonabsorbable.

Temporary

temporary: a restoration or prosthesis placed for a shorter time interval for use while a definitive restoration or prosthesis is being fabricated – see interim and provisional.

Temporary removable denture

temporary removable denture: An interim prosthesis designed for use over limited period of time.

Temporomandibular joint (TMJ)

temporomandibular joint (TMJ): The connecting hinge mechanism between the base of the skull (temporal bone) and the lower jaw (mandible).

Temporomandibular joint dysfunction (TMD)

temporomandibular joint dysfunction (TMD or TMJD): Abnormal functioning of temporomandibular joint; also refers to symptoms arising in other areas secondary to the dysfunction.

Tissue conditioning

tissue conditioning: Material intended to be placed in contact with tissues, for a limited period, with the aim of assisting the return to a healthy condition.

Torus

torus: A bony elevation or protuberance of bone. See exostosis.

Note: Torus is singular, tori is plural

Transitional

transitional: Relating to a passage or change from one position, state, phase or concept to another.

Example: Transitional dentures are temporary dentures that are used throughout the treatment plan.

Transplantation

transplantation: Surgical placement of biological material from one site to another.

transplantation of tooth: Transfer of a tooth from one socket to another, either in the same or a different person.

Treatment plan

treatment plan: The sequential guide for the patient’s care as determined by the dentist’s diagnosis and is used by the dentist for the restoration to and/or maintenance of optimal oral health.

Trismus

trismus: Restricted ability to open the mouth, usually due to inflammation or fibrosis of the muscles of mastication.

Tuberosity

tuberosity: A protuberance on a bone.

Unerupted

unerupted: Tooth/teeth that have not penetrated into the oral cavity.

Unilateral

unilateral: One-sided; pertaining to or affecting but one side.

Veneer

veneer: A thin covering of the facial surface of a tooth usually constructed of tooth colored material used to restore discolored, damaged, misshapen or misaligned teeth.

Vertical bitewing

vertical bitewing: A dental image with a central projection on which the teeth can close, holding it in a vertical position for the radiographic examination of several upper and lower teeth simultaneously.

Vertical dimension of occlusion (VDO)

vertical dimension: The vertical height of the face with the teeth in occlusion or acting as stops.

Vestibuloplasty

vestibuloplasty: Any of a series of surgical procedures designed to increase relative alveolar ridge height.

Note: “plasty” means to change or alter

Wax pattern

wax pattern: A wax form that is the positive likeness of an object to be fabricated.

Sometimes called a “wax up”

Xerostomia

xerostomia: Decreased salivary secretion that produces a dry and sometimes burning sensation of the oral mucosa and/or cervical caries.

X-ray

X-ray: a type of radiation that produces images that show varying levels of black and white to produce what is termed a radiograph

Zygomatic bone

zygomatic bone: Quadrangular bone on either side of face that forms the cheek prominence. See malar.

Dentist Open During Covid- 19

Dentists Open During Covid-19

Are there dentists open during covid-19?  Due to Covid-19 dentists and dental offices across the province and country have had to limit the procedures they are allowed to perform. This has been mandated by the Saskatchewan provincial government as of March 23, 2020. If you are in need of a dentist or looking for a dentist open during Covid-19, we can be of assistance and help you with any issue you may be having. Under certain circumstances and pending the current availability of personal protective equipment (PPE) in our clinics in Saskatoon and Regina, we may need to refer you to the appropriate treatment facility if we cannot address all of your concerns. Below we have included a summary of the guidelines we have been directed to follow from the College of Dental Surgeons of Saskatchewan (CDSS) and the Saskatchewan Health Authority (SHA).

  • Saskatchewan dentists (CDSS members) are not to provide routine or urgent care to patients. CDSS members are strongly recommended to only provide emergency dental care.
    • You may believe that you are having a dental emergency but it must be confirmed with our dentist in Saskatoon or Regina. As there are varying levels of urgency when it comes to dental concerns, not every one is a true emergency. A true emergency is one that involves trauma or severe pain and swelling that does not respond to medications.
  • All CDSS members must operate under the current CDSS Standards and Alerts relating to this COVID-19 pandemic.
Levels of Dental Emergency Treatment/Providers:
  • Level 1 – All CDSS members must maintain contact with their patients and manage emergencies using Pharmacotherapeutics whenever possible. Therefore, we will respond within a reasonable amount of time if you have a dental concern. Depending on the concern and your symptoms, we may provide you with a prescription for medication to help temporarily alleviate your symptoms.
    • As COVID-19 community spread increases and the knowledge that COVID-19 infected asymptomatic individuals could be spreading the COVID-19 virus to others in the population.
    • To reconfirm dental emergency patients should be managed by prescreening risk assessment followed by a second on-site risk assessment including a temperature recording.
  • Level 2 Emergency Dental Care can be divided into 2 groups:
    • Level 2A-Non-Aerosol Generating Procedure (NAGP) – Simpli Dental is classified as a Level 2A provider at the time of posting.
    • Level 2B-Aerosol Generating Procedure (AGP)
  • Aerosol Generating Procedures are to be avoided if possible.
  • Level 3 – The Saskatchewan Health Authority, in collaboration with CDSS, has established two SHA Emergency Dental Clinics, one in Saskatoon and one in Regina, to provide emergency dental care. SHA will support these two clinics with all the appropriate PPE/ N95 masks and training with a focus on keeping dental emergencies out of hospital emergency rooms. If a dental emergency cannot be managed at any of Level 1, 2A or 2B, CDSS members can refer patients directly to a Level 3 SHA emergency dental clinic.
In summary, as a profession we are trying to limit the spread of Covid-19 by reducing our interactions with the public while reducing the number of dental-related cases in hospitals and servicing the population.
If you are looking for a dentist open during Covid-19 in Saskatoon or Regina you may have difficulty due to the temporary regulation that has been put in place. However, we are happy to help and try to alleviate your concerns or symptoms with the limited resources we have during this time.
As always, take care of your teeth and when we resume practice as usual, we encourage regular dental cleanings and exams to help keep costs low and avoid preventable pain.
Simpli Dental – Dentists in Saskatoon and Regina
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The Regina Dentist Finder

Best Dentist in Regina

Best Dentist in Regina

Who is the best dentist in Regina?

Of course you would like to know who the best dentist in Regina is. Dental care can be intimidating and very personal,  you want to make sure you are receiving treatment from someone you are comfortable with and have confidence in.

Fortunately for you, simpli dental is here to help you figure out who the best dentist in Regina really is.

So who is it? Sorry to lead you on like this bit it really and truly is a personal preference. We are fortunate to have many dental providers and want to assure you that you should have confidence in the dental population that provides services to the city of Regina.

When determining who the best dentist in Regina is, there are many individual factors to consider. They include the following:

Your dentist should listen to your concerns and needs

Each patient is unique and requires a tailored treatment plan. There are many ways to achieve a healthy smile and no two patients are identical. Your dentist will provide you with a thorough examination followed by a consultation to understand what your treatment goals are. Following this, a treatment plan is provided as a professional recommendation to achieve your desired results.

Your dentist should provide you with treatment options that suit your budget

Sometimes us dentists get a little excited and carried away with our treatment plans. After all, we just want to do the finest work! As previously mentioned, there are many ways to achieve a healthy smile through numerous treatment options. Use replacing a missing tooth as an example. You could go with a dental bridge, a dental implant, or a partial denture. All options would successfully replace a missing tooth but each unique, have their own advantages and disadvantages, and vary in price. Your dentist should provide you with options that suit your budget and allow you to achieve your oral health goals.

Best Dentist in Regina - simpli dental

The dental clinic should be clean

This goes without saying…so we said it anyways. The dental industry has strict disinfection and sterilization regulations to ensure patient safety and best practices. As a patient of a dental clinic in Regina, you can be confident that your clinic is clean and sanitary.

Your dentist should stay up to date

The dental profession is constantly evolving with the development of new equipment, treatment techniques and scientific studies. As dental providers, we stay up to date through continuing education requirements to ensure our patients are receiving high-quality and modern treatment.

Your dental clinic should try to make things comfortable

Bare with us on this one. We know that going to the dentist is not always the most enjoyable activity. We would much rather be at the spa but the result of good oral health and a bright smile is worth it. Your dentist and support staff should do everything in their power to try and make your visit as comfortable and pain-free as possible. If you are undergoing any treatment, dental or otherwise, you need to be aware that you are in control. If you are uncomfortable and need an adjustment or more freezing, we can always take a break or reset.

best dental work in Regina - Simpli Dental

Your dental clinic should care

Dentists are healthcare professionals that provide essential services in restoring and maintaining optimal oral health. They care about their patients and what is best for them. Whichever dental clinic you decide to visit should leave you feeling as though your personal needs have been made a priority. You should have confidence in knowing that you have been well cared for by a health professional team.

Your dental clinic should be convenient

We all have different priorities when placing value on amenities offered by service providers. For some of us, we may be looking for the best price. For others, possibly the most convenient location close to home. Maybe you need to find a dentist that is open evenings and weekends. Whatever is important to you in a dental provider, it should be convenient. Dental clinics are like any other organization in that they operate in a sustainable manner that is best suited to their patients and staff. There are many competing factors that don’t allow for all amenities to be offered. Consider hours of operation. Many staff members would prefer not to work evenings and weekends. If you live in a small town and enjoy the convenience of having a clinic close to you, there may not be enough support staff to work less-desirable hours and therefore your close-to-home dental clinic may not offer evening and weekend appointments. Sometimes it is difficult to find everything that you are looking for and you may need to make sacrifices to find a clinic that offers what is most important to you.

We hope this will help you find your best dentist in Regina!

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Photography by Silviu and Alexandra Photography

 

Preventative dental care

Repost: Preventive dental care translates to long-term savings

Preventive dental care translates to long-term savings-simpli dental

Original article written by Katie Kuehner-Hebert for Benefits Pro.

Preventative dental care translates into long-term savings. “Employer groups with higher utilization of preventive dental care over a six-year period experienced an 86% reduction in the use of major dental services.”

“Those with no preventive care for at least two years were 55 percent more likely to reach their dental plan maximum compared to those who received preventive care at least once a year.”

“We all know this intuitively: If you brush and floss your teeth daily and regularly visit the dentist for a check-up and a professional cleaning, you might just not need that dreaded root canal.

Moreover, employees and employer will likely pay less in dental insurance claims for more serious treatments, sums up Guardian’s research brief, “An ounce of prevention.”

The brief cites Guardian’s 5th Annual Workplace Benefits Study, “Dental Benefits: A Bridge to Oral Health & Wellness,” which found that employer groups with higher utilization of preventive dental care over a six-year period experienced an 86 percent reduction in the use of major dental services in subsequent years, for a net savings of 16 percent on dental claims costs.

Dental plan members also saved when getting a check-up and cleaning at least once a year, according to the study. They required less major dental services and, as a result, had lower out-of-pocket costs over a three-year period.

Those who did this for two years in a row had a $90 decrease in claim costs in the third year. However, members with no preventive care experienced an average increase of $720 in claim costs.

to avoid serious oral health problems that require more costly treatment in later years

“Many working Americans believe that if they brush their teeth and have no pain, then there is no need to see the dentist,” the authors write. “But Guardian’s recent analysis of claims data shows that plan members who receive at least annual preventive care are more likely to avoid serious oral health problems that require more costly treatment in later years.”

The study also found that those with no preventive care for at least two years were 55 percent more likely to reach their dental plan maximum compared to those who received preventive care at least once a year. Moreover, about one in four plan members (23 percent) who reach their annual maximum tend to reach it again the following year, and 7 percent hit the maximum in three or more consecutive years.”

Read the full article here.

How Invisalign Works

have you ever wondered how Invisalign works

Have you ever wondered how Invisalign works?

Check out this informative video to find out.

P.S. Aren’t Aussie accents the best!?!?

 

 

If you are interested in learning more about Invisalign, traditional orthodontics or clear aligner orthodontics, please contact simpli dental in Regina or Saskatoon and we would be happy to arrange a consultation with one of our dentists!

How Invisalign Works

Immediate Load Dental Implants

What is immediate loading of dental implants?  As you may have read in our previous blog post, dental implants are made up of several components including the dental implant, the abutment and the implant-supported crown. The dentist can decide to wait to place the dental crown on top of the implant or do so immediately when the dental implant is surgically placed into the jaw bone.

Immediate loading of dental implants is when the dental restoration (crown, denture or bridge) is affixed to the dental implant at the time of surgery. This has become a treatment option popular with patients due to faster results and better esthetics.

Alternatively to immediate loading, delayed loading of dental implants occurs when the dental restoration (crown, denture or bridge) is affixed to the dental implant after the implant has been given sufficient time to integrate with the bone.

There are several advantages and disadvantages to the immediate loading of dental implants.

Immediate Dental Implant Loading Advantages:

  • Quicker treatment as the patient does not need to come back for as many appointments.
  • Faster time from surgery to tooth as the restoration is put on at the time of surgery.
  • Optimal esthetics can be achieved at time of placement and the patient can leave the office with a tooth attached to the implant.
  • Higher patient satisfaction as a result of faster treatment.

Immediate Dental Implant Loading Disadvantages:

  • Not suitable for all patients. Everyone’s case is unique and should be evaluated by an educated dental professional to determine if immediate loading of a dental implant is right for you.
  • Can delay or prevent integration of the bone with the implant due to force placed on the implant during healing.
  • Potential for long-term implant instability and ultimately failure. This can occur because the dental implant was not given adequate time to integrate to the bone. When the dental implant integrates with the bone it is termed osseointegration.

So, are immediate load implants right for you? It’s not possible to know without a thorough consultation with a dental professional and evaluation of dental x-rays. There is a chance that this option could be a good choice for your unique situation, but we can’t say that for certain until assessing the current status of your oral health. It is worth exploring immediate load implants as a possible treatment option but don’t get too excited without doing more research. It will be possible for some patients but others will need to stick with the traditional method of delayed loading. Thank you for taking the time to visit simpli dental. If you are considering dental implants in Regina and would like to know more about your options, please feel free to contact our office and schedule a consultation.

simpli dental Regina

reception@simpli.dental

(306) 520-4473

Night Guards & Bruxism Appliances

So your dentist told you that you need a night guard!

What is a night guard? Why would you need one?

A night guard is an appliance that is worn while sleeping to protect the teeth from tooth on tooth wear as a result of grinding or clenching. We term excessive teeth grinding and clenching “bruxism.”

A night guard or bruxism appliance typically covers all of the teeth in one arch and is flat on top. When an individual grinds or clenches, the teeth do so against the appliance and not the opposing teeth. This prevents wearing away of the tooth structure.

So what if I grind my teeth every once in a while?

It may not seem like a big deal if you grind or clench your teeth and you may not notice any adverse effects. The problem is that over time it can have a significant impact on our teeth and result in severe wear. When many teeth are worn down it is very costly to repair because it requires crowns on every single tooth. Yes, you may need as many as 32 crowns if you grind your teeth. The process to repair these teeth also typically takes 18-24 months to complete as the jaw joints and muscular health needs to be considered and accommodated throughout the process.

Will grinding my teeth cause premature aging?

It may sound crazy that grinding your teeth can cause premature aging but it actually can cause a person to appear older than they are. This is due to a loss in facial height as the teeth get worn down. As you can see in the picture below, the woman appears much older in the left. The only thing that has changed is her facial height.

Grinding your teeth can cause a number of other problems including:

  • Headaches
  • Jaw pain and stiffness of the jaw joint
  • Premature wearing of fillings, crowns and other restorations
  • Muscle tightness
  • Earaches
  • Broken teeth
  • Broken fillings, crowns and other restorations
  • Disrupted sleep
  • Sensitive teeth
  • Tooth loss

When to see your dentist

  • Teeth are worn, damaged or sensitive
  • Your jaw, face or ear is painful
  • Your partner says you make a grinding sound in your sleep

What causes teeth grinding?

The cause of teeth grinding isn’t always clear, but it’s usually linked to other factors, such as stressanxiety or sleep problems.

Lifestyle

Other factors that can make you more likely to grind your teeth or make it worse include:

  • Drinking alcohol
  • Smoking
  • Using recreational drugs
  • Having lots of caffeinated drinks, such as tea or coffee

Teeth grinding in children

Teeth grinding can also affect children. It tends to happen after their baby teeth or adult teeth first appear, but usually stops after the adult teeth are fully formed.

Types of night guards

The two most common types of night guards will cover all of your teeth. There are others available that provide partial coverage as well.

Professional dentist made night guards

  • Custom made to fit your teeth
  • Durable
  • Fabricated by a third-party laboratory
  • Require an impression of your teeth
  • Tight and well-fitting

Over the counter night guards

  • Inexpensive
  • Can be molded to fit your teeth
  • Typically do not fit as well as professionally made night guards

If you are concerned that you may grind your teeth or are in need of a night guard, you can contact simpli dental in Regina to set up a consultation and we will answer any questions you may have.

Dental Bridge or Dental Implant? Advantages and Disadvantages

So you want to replace that missing or broken tooth? Fortunately for you there are several options to choose from including the following:

  • Removable partial dentures
  • Implant supported crowns
  • Fixed partial denture, more commonly known as a dental bridge

 

 

Removable Partial Denture

Implant Supported Crown

Dental Bridge

 

There are several advantages and disadvantages to each solution for replacing a missing tooth. A removable partial denture is just that, removable. A dental implant or bridge is fixated in the mouth and not removable.

We will look at the advantages and disadvantages of the two fixated options, bridges and implants.

Dental Implant Advantages:

  • Improved appearance
  • Better speech
  • Comfortable and natural feeling
  • Increased self-esteem
  • Improved oral health
  • Durable with a high success rate
  • Convenience in cleaning
  • Adjacent teeth remain untouched

Dental Implant Disadvantages:

  • Cost. They can be expensive.
  • Potential for complications as some implants will not integrate with the bone and fail
  • They require a minor surgery
  • They are a life-long commitment and require ongoing maintenance and sometimes even replacement of the crown/restoration.
  • Time. Often a tooth needs be extracted, the site is allowed to heal for several months, the implant is then placed and requires several months to integrate into the bone before a crown can be placed on top of the implant. A dental bridge can be completed faster. There are some cases that a crown can be placed on top of an implant at the time of surgery and therefore can be a quick procedure. These cases are best determined by an oral health professional.
  • Insurance coverage for dental implants is becoming more common but dental insurance sometimes may not cover the cost.

Dental Bridge Advantages:

  • Improved appearance
  • Better speech
  • Comfortable and natural feeling
  • Increased self-esteem
  • Improved oral health
  • Durable with a high success rate
  • Adjacent teeth can benefit from the full-coverage of the bridge restoration if the adjacent teeth are in need of crowns/full-coverage restorations.
  • Dental insurance coverage typically covers dental bridges more than they do implants. However, we are seeing this change and more insurance companies are covering the cost of a dental implant as well.
  • Time. They are typically faster to complete than a dental implant that cannot have a crown placed immediately.

Dental Bridge Disadvantages:

  • More difficult to clean than a single-tooth dental implant
  • Adjacent teeth need to be prepared and reduced resulting in a permanent loss of tooth structure.
  • Cost. Dental bridges can be expensive.
  • Potential for complications as some teeth that are used to support the bridge may need root canal treatment following preparation, the bone support could fail, the restoration could break or the supporting teeth could develop decay/cavities. If a dental bridge fails it will need to be replaced.
  • They are a life-long commitment and require ongoing maintenance and sometimes even replacement.

If you are interested in learning more about dental implants, please read our blog post here.

If you would like to schedule a consultation with a dentist in Regina at simpli dental for a free consultation to discuss replacing a broken or missing tooth. Please contact us here.

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Why do I need my teeth cleaned?

simpli dental offers teeth cleaning in Regina! But is it necessary? Read on to find out why we think it is…

Why are the dentist and hygienist always nagging me to get my teeth cleaned every four to six months? In short, it’s because we care about your oral health!
Regular dental hygiene through professional scaling and root planing helps maintain the supporting structures of the teeth. When teeth are clean we accomplish the following:

  • Healthy gums that are pink and do not bleed. In contracts, inflamed gums are red and bleed easily.
  • Lack of deep pockets. We all have pockets that exist between our gums and our teeth. When we have gingivitis or periodontitis we get deep pockets that are difficult to clean, harbor bacteria and cause bone loss.
  • Stable teeth. When our gums and bone are healthy, we avoid periodontal disease that can result in loose teeth, pain and the need for extraction.
  • Good breath. Clean teeth and gums result in fresher smelling breath.

We need to get our teeth cleaned on a regular basis to remove tartar, calculus and plaque that build up on teeth. When cleaned off, they will accumulate again and need to be removed. Most people on regular oral hygiene maintenance get their teeth cleaned every four to six months.

Some other important things to know about oral hygiene:

  • We get tartar or calculus on our teeth that can not be removed with floss or a toothbrush. It needs to be “scaled” off with professional instruments that a dental hygienist uses.
  • Gingivitis is the inflammation of the gums.
  • Periodontal disease or periodontitis is inflammation of the gums with bone loss.
  • Periodontitis usually starts with gingivitis.
  • Bone loss can result in tooth loss.
  • There has been shown to be a link between periodontal disease and heart disease.

Teeth cleaning in Regina

 

Don’t hesitate to contact us if you would like to schedule a teeth cleaning.

Pricing for teeth cleaning at simpli dental in Regina as well as other services provided by us can be found on our pricing page.

Keep smiling!

simpli dental